This is a great read and especially where examples from Brazil and Ethiopia are sited as good practices that can be replicated in Kenya. One thing that should have been accentuated together with the importance of systems and structure, is Political Will. The Social Protection Policy, took years before both consensus was built among various stakeholders and adopted. Key to discussions around Social Protection upscaling is how is it attractive to policy makers and treasury as a whole? The reason pilots and research persist is because of evidence building. Social Protection is often misconstrued as a hand-out because many interpret it as an opportunity cost for government that draw from the productive segments of public which often regard the programmes as not directly impacting them. The article clearly points to the benefit of inclusive growth and development. However, politics do play a crucial role in how programmes are designed and who they target. There is definitely an opportunity to integrate economic and political objectives to Social Protection without overlooking the importance of protecting the most vulnerable in society. Africa is of course a political continent, and context matters, for instance a rights based approach to Social Protection is one way to approach this issue. Another way would be to look at the accrued benefits to government as they roll out Social Protection Programmes. Issues like inclusive development bolster peace which is good for the economy, building of micro-economic stability, acceleration of aggregate demand, improving income security, better coping mechanisms to risks and shocks, increasing government legitimacy etc. Kenya specifically is about to elect the fourth president of the republic, with campaigns getting heated up, perhaps Social Protection can be touted as an agenda item for the succeeding regime

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